by on August 1, 2013, in

Script: Add all Virtual Machines in the Data Store to the Inventory (VMware)

There are situations when you have VMs on disk, but vCenter does not know about them – i.e. they are not in the inventory. While it is fairly easy to add a single machine to the inventory, doing so for dozens or hundreds or VMs is too tedious to do manually. This script automates the process.

# Traverses all folders of a data store and adds all VMX files to the inventory
# Example:
# .\Add-VMXToInventory.ps1 -DatastoreName My_Datastore -VMFolder VDI -vCenter vcentername -ESXHost

   [Parameter(Mandatory=$true)] [string] $DatastoreName,		# Case sensitive
   [Parameter(Mandatory=$true)] [string] $VMFolder,			
   [Parameter(Mandatory=$true)] [string] $vCenter,
   [Parameter(Mandatory=$true)] [string] $ESXHost

# General options
#Requires -Version 2 

Set-StrictMode -Version 2

# Functions
# Loads snapins
function LoadSnapins([string[]] $snapins)
   $loaded = Get-PSSnapin -Name $snapins -ErrorAction SilentlyContinue | % {$_.Name}
   $registered = Get-pssnapin -Name $snapins -Registered -ErrorAction SilentlyContinue  | % {$_.Name}
   $notLoaded = $registered | ? {$loaded -notcontains $_}
   if ($notLoaded -ne $null)
      foreach ($newlyLoaded in $notLoaded)
         Add-PSSnapin $newlyLoaded

# Start of script
# Load snapins
LoadSnapins @("VMware.VimAutomation.Core")

# Avoid stupid questions
Set-PowerCLIConfiguration -DefaultVIServerMode multiple -Confirm:$false

# Connect to vCenter
Connect-VIServer $vCenter

# Set up search for .VMX files in datastore
$ds = Get-Datastore -Name $DatastoreName | %{Get-View $_.Id}
$SearchSpec = New-Object VMware.Vim.HostDatastoreBrowserSearchSpec
$SearchSpec.matchpattern = "*.vmx"
$dsBrowser = Get-View $ds.browser
$DatastorePath = "[" + $ds.Summary.Name + "]"

# Find all .VMX file paths in datastore, filtering out ones with .snapshot (useful for NetApp NFS)
$SearchResult = $dsBrowser.SearchDatastoreSubFolders($DatastorePath, $SearchSpec) `
                | where {$_.FolderPath -notmatch ".snapshot"} `
                | %{$_.FolderPath + ($_.File | select Path).Path}

#Register all .vmx files as VMs on the datastore
foreach($VMXFile in $SearchResult)
   New-VM -VMFilePath $VMXFile -VMHost $ESXHost -Location $VMFolder -RunAsync
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