by on March 28, 2010, in

How to Enable Drag and Drop for an Elevated MFC Application on Vista/Windows 7

Finding good information on how to enable drag and drop for MFC applications is hard enough (why?). But just when you think you should have it working, you hit a very solid wall: UIPI (User Interface Privilege Isolation, a variant of UAC, User Account Control). Because of “security” reasons, UIPI disables drag and drop from medium integrity processes (Explorer) to high integrity (aka elevated) processes by filtering out most window messages, including those required for drag and drop. In essence drag and drop from Explorer to your elevated application does not work.

To waste your time, Microsoft added the API function ChangeWindowMessageFilter that lets specific window messages through (punching a hole in the UIPI “firewall”), but just adding WM_DROPFILES to the list of allowed messages does not help. Drag and drop uses more than just WM_DROPFILES. But where is a list of the window messages required for drag and drop? Even the venerable Raymond Chen refused to explain how to make it work. Well, here is how.

Basic Drag and Drop

This assumes you have a dialog-based MFC application. I have implemented this with Visual Studio 2008 SP1.

1) In your dialog’s OnInitDialog method, enable drag and drop. You can either do this for the entire dialog or a specific control:

DragAcceptFiles (); // entire dialog
m_oPath.DragAcceptFiles (); // control represented by variable m_oPath

2) Add ON_WM_DROPFILES() to your message map, e.g.:

BEGIN_MESSAGE_MAP(<dialog class name>, CDialog)
   ON_WM_DROPFILES()
END_MESSAGE_MAP()

3) Add an event handler for drop events. In your dialog’s header file:

afx_msg void OnDropFiles(HDROP hDropInfo);

And in the CPP file:

void <dialog class name>::OnDropFiles (HDROP dropInfo)
{
    CString    sFile;
    DWORD      nBuffer    = 0;
    // Get the number of files dropped
    UINT nFilesDropped    = DragQueryFile (dropInfo, 0xFFFFFFFF, NULL, 0);
    // If more than one, only use the first
    if (nFilesDropped > 0)
    {
        // Get the buffer size for the first filename
        nBuffer = DragQueryFile (dropInfo, 0, NULL, 0);
        // Get path and name of the first file
        DragQueryFile (dropInfo, 0, sFile.GetBuffer (nBuffer + 1), nBuffer + 1);
        sFile.ReleaseBuffer ();
        // Do something with the path
    }
    // Free the memory block containing the dropped-file information
    DragFinish(dropInfo);
}

UAC and Elevation

Now comes the interesting part. All of the above will work – unless your application runs elevated. As mentioned earlier, WM_DROPFILES messages are simply filtered out by UIPI. You can re-enable individual messages by calling ChangeWindowMessageFilter (, MSGFLT_ADD), but enabling WM_DROPFILES alone is not sufficient. Here is my first attempt to work around that:

for (int i = 0; i <= WM_DROPFILES; i++)
{
    ChangeWindowMessageFilter (i, MSGFLT_ADD);
}

Hooray! Drag and drop works! But letting all messages through is probably a little bit too much. So I tried to narrow things down.

After some trial and error I came up with the following list of messages you need to allow through the UIPI filter in order to enable drag and drop:

ChangeWindowMessageFilter (WM_DROPFILES, MSGFLT_ADD);
ChangeWindowMessageFilter (WM_COPYDATA, MSGFLT_ADD);
ChangeWindowMessageFilter (0x0049, MSGFLT_ADD);
Previous Article Poll: Do Companies Use Local or Roaming Profiles for Desktop PCs?
Next Article Where is the App Store for Windows? Why Microsoft Should Fear Developer Drain.